Fishing will be the activity of attempting to catch fish. Fish are commonly caught inside the wild. Strategies for catching fish include hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping.
The term fishing will probably be applied to catching other aquatic animals including molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms. The term just isn't normally applied to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, that include whales, exactly where the term whaling is way more appropriate.
According to FAO statistics, the total number of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to be 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture offer direct and indirect employment to over 500 million people. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an added 7.four kilograms harvested from fish farms. As well as offering food, modern fishing can also be a recreational pastime.
Fishing is an ancient practice that dates back to, no less than, the beginning of your Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis from the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000 year old modern human from eastern Asia, has shown that he on a regular basis consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology functions that include shell middens, discarded fish bones and cave paintings show that sea foods were fundamental for survival and consumed in considerable quantities. For the duration of this period, the majority of people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and had been, of necessity, consistently on the move. Having said that, exactly where you will discover early examples of permanent settlements (although not necessarily permanently occupied) like those at Lepenski Vir, they're virtually consistently associated with fishing as a major supply of food.
The ancient river Nile was filled with fish; fresh and dried fish had been a staple food for considerably in the population. The Egyptians had implements and methods for fishing and these are illustrated in tomb scenes, drawings, and papyrus documents. Some representations hint at fishing being pursued as a pastime. In India, the Pandyas, a classical Dravidian Tamil kingdom, had been known for the pearl fishery as early because the 1st century BC. Their seaport Tuticorin was identified for deep sea pearl fishing. The paravas, a Tamil caste centred in Tuticorin, created a wealthy community as a result of their pearl trade, navigation understanding and fisheries. Fishing scenes are seldom represented in ancient Greek culture, a reflection from the low social status of fishing. Then again, Oppian of Corycus, a Greek author wrote a major treatise on sea fishing, the Halieulica or Halieutika, composed among 177 and 180. This can be the earliest such function to have survived for the modern day. Pictorial evidence of Roman fishing comes from mosaics. The Greco-Roman sea god Neptune is depicted as wielding a fishing trident. The Moche many people of ancient Peru depicted fishermen in their ceramics.
There are many fishing procedures or approaches for catching fish. The term may also be applied to approaches for catching other aquatic animals for instance molluscs (shellfish, squid, octopus) and edible marine invertebrates.
Fishing strategies include things like hand gathering, spearfishing, netting, angling and trapping. Recreational, commercial and artisanal fishers use distinctive tactics, and also, from time to time, the same techniques. Recreational fishers fish for pleasure or sport, though commercial fishers fish for profit. Artisanal fishers use classic, low-tech techniques, for survival in third-world countries, and as a cultural heritage in other countries. Mainly, recreational fishers use angling methods and commercial fishers use netting strategies.
There's an intricate link among many fishing techniques and understanding concerning the fish and their behaviour such as migration, foraging and habitat. The powerful use of fishing methods regularly is determined by this added information. Some fishermen follow fishing folklores which claim that fish feeding patterns are influenced by the position with the sun and also the moon. Certainly one of the world?s longest trading histories is the trade of dry cod from the Lofoten region of Norway for the southern parts of Europe, Italy, Spain and Portugal. The trade in cod started during the Viking period or prior to, has been going on for much more than 1,000 years and is nonetheless very important.
Fishing tackle is usually a common term that refers for the gear applied by fishermen when fishing.
Pretty much any gear or gear employed for fishing can be named fishing tackle. Some examples are hooks, lines, sinkers, floats, rods, reels, baits, lures, spears, nets, gaffs, traps, waders and tackle boxes.
Tackle that is certainly attached for the end of a fishing line is called terminal tackle. This includes hooks, sinkers, floats, leaders, swivels, split rings and wire, snaps, beads, spoons, blades, spinners and clevises to attach spinner blades to fishing lures.
Fishing tackle could be contrasted with fishing approaches. Fishing tackle refers towards the physical equipment that is certainly utilised when fishing, whereas fishing techniques refers for the strategies the tackle is utilized when fishing.
Commercial fishing is the capture of fish for commercial purposes. Those that practice it must normally pursue fish far into the ocean under adverse situations. Commercial fishermen harvest almost all aquatic species, from tuna, cod and salmon to shrimp, krill, lobster, clams, squid and crab, in diverse fisheries for these species. Commercial fishing procedures have come to be quite effective utilizing sizeable nets and sea-going processing factories. Person fishing quotas and international treaties seek to manage the species and quantities caught.
A commercial fishing enterprise may well vary from one particular man having a tiny boat with hand-casting nets or possibly a few pot traps, to an enormous fleet of trawlers processing tons of fish every single day.
Commercial fishing gear contains weights, nets (e.g. purse seine), seine nets (e.g. beach seine), trawls (e.g. bottom trawl), dredges, hooks and line (e.g. lengthy line and handline), lift nets, gillnets, entangling nets and traps.
In accordance with the Food and Agriculture Organization from the United Nations, total globe capture fisheries production in 2000 was 86 million tons (FAO 2002). The best producing nations were, in order, the People's Republic of China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan), Peru, Japan, the Usa, Chile, Indonesia, Russia, India, Thailand, Norway and Iceland. Those nations accounted for significantly more than half on the world's production; China alone accounted to get a third with the world's production. Of that production, over 90% was marine and less than 10% was inland. Intensive koi aquaculture facility in Israel
A little number of species assistance the majority in the world?s fisheries. A few of these species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops. All except these final four offered a worldwide catch of effectively over a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines with each other delivering a catch of more than 22 million metric tons in 1999. Loads of other species too are fished in smaller sized numbers.