Fishing is the activity of wanting to catch fish. Fish are normally caught in the wild. Methods for catching fish consist of hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping.
The term fishing could possibly be applied to catching other aquatic animals similar to molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms. The term is not generally applied to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, that include whales, exactly where the term whaling is additional suitable.
In accordance with FAO statistics, the total number of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to become 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture supply direct and indirect employment to more than 500 million people. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.four kilograms, with an more 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish farms. As well as providing food, contemporary fishing can also be a recreational pastime.
Fishing is an ancient practice that dates back to, at the very least, the starting from the Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis in the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000 year old contemporary human from eastern Asia, has shown that he frequently consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology functions similar to shell middens, discarded fish bones and cave paintings show that sea foods were vital for survival and consumed in considerable quantities. In the course of this period, many people lived a hunter-gatherer way of life and had been, of necessity, regularly on the move. Nonetheless, where you will find early examples of permanent settlements (though not necessarily permanently occupied) for instance these at Lepenski Vir, they're practically continually linked with fishing as a significant supply of food.
The ancient river Nile was full of fish; fresh and dried fish had been a staple food for a lot from the population. The Egyptians had implements and approaches for fishing and these are illustrated in tomb scenes, drawings, and papyrus documents. Some representations hint at fishing becoming pursued as a pastime. In India, the Pandyas, a classical Dravidian Tamil kingdom, were recognized for the pearl fishery as early because the 1st century BC. Their seaport Tuticorin was known for deep sea pearl fishing. The paravas, a Tamil caste centred in Tuticorin, developed a wealthy community because of their pearl trade, navigation understanding and fisheries. Fishing scenes are seldom represented in ancient Greek culture, a reflection of your low social status of fishing. Nevertheless, Oppian of Corycus, a Greek author wrote a significant treatise on sea fishing, the Halieulica or Halieutika, composed among 177 and 180. This really is the earliest such work to have survived to the modern day day. Pictorial evidence of Roman fishing comes from mosaics. The Greco-Roman sea god Neptune is depicted as wielding a fishing trident. The Moche people today of ancient Peru depicted fishermen in their ceramics.
There's lots of fishing strategies or techniques for catching fish. The term may also be applied to methods for catching other aquatic animals that include molluscs (shellfish, squid, octopus) and edible marine invertebrates.
Fishing approaches incorporate hand gathering, spearfishing, netting, angling and trapping. Recreational, commercial and artisanal fishers use numerous strategies, as well as, often, the same methods. Recreational fishers fish for pleasure or sport, whereas commercial fishers fish for profit. Artisanal fishers use classic, low-tech techniques, for survival in third-world countries, and as a cultural heritage in other countries. Largely, recreational fishers use angling approaches and commercial fishers use netting strategies.
There is an intricate link amongst many different fishing approaches and information in regards to the fish and their behaviour including migration, foraging and habitat. The valuable use of fishing approaches typically is determined by this added information. Some fishermen follow fishing folklores which claim that fish feeding patterns are influenced by the position from the sun and also the moon. One of the world?s longest trading histories is the trade of dry cod from the Lofoten location of Norway for the southern components of Europe, Italy, Spain and Portugal. The trade in cod began through the Viking period or just before, has been going on for a great deal more than 1,000 years and is nevertheless valuable.
Fishing tackle is usually a general term that refers for the equipment put to use by fishermen when fishing.
Almost any equipment or gear utilised for fishing could be called fishing tackle. Some examples are hooks, lines, sinkers, floats, rods, reels, baits, lures, spears, nets, gaffs, traps, waders and tackle boxes.
Tackle that's attached towards the finish of a fishing line is called terminal tackle. This incorporates hooks, sinkers, floats, leaders, swivels, split rings and wire, snaps, beads, spoons, blades, spinners and clevises to attach spinner blades to fishing lures.
Fishing tackle is usually contrasted with fishing strategies. Fishing tackle refers towards the physical equipment that is definitely implemented when fishing, whereas fishing strategies refers to the strategies the tackle is put to use when fishing.
Commercial fishing will be the capture of fish for commercial purposes. People that practice it have to generally pursue fish far in to the ocean under adverse situations. Commercial fishermen harvest practically all aquatic species, from tuna, cod and salmon to shrimp, krill, lobster, clams, squid and crab, in varied fisheries for these species. Commercial fishing strategies have turn into highly efficient working with significant nets and sea-going processing factories. Individual fishing quotas and international treaties seek to manage the species and quantities caught.
A commercial fishing enterprise will probably vary from one man having a modest boat with hand-casting nets or perhaps a few pot traps, to an enormous fleet of trawlers processing tons of fish every single day.
Commercial fishing gear incorporates weights, nets (e.g. purse seine), seine nets (e.g. beach seine), trawls (e.g. bottom trawl), dredges, hooks and line (e.g. long line and handline), lift nets, gillnets, entangling nets and traps.
In accordance with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, total globe capture fisheries production in 2000 was 86 million tons (FAO 2002). The leading producing countries had been, in order, the People's Republic of China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan), Peru, Japan, the United states, Chile, Indonesia, Russia, India, Thailand, Norway and Iceland. These countries accounted for even more than half of the world's production; China alone accounted for a third on the world's production. Of that production, more than 90% was marine and much less than 10% was inland. Intensive koi aquaculture facility in Israel
A little variety of species support the majority on the world?s fisheries. A few of these species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops. All except these final four supplied a worldwide catch of well more than a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines together offering a catch of more than 22 million metric tons in 1999. A good number of other species too are fished in smaller numbers.