Chautauqua (Sh?-TAW-kw?) was an grownup education and learning motion in the usa, exceptionally preferred inside the late 19th and early 20th hundreds of years. Chautauqua assemblies expanded and unfold through rural America right up until the mid-1920s. The Chautauqua brought entertainment and culture for your entire group, with speakers, teachers, musicians, entertainers, preachers and experts belonging to the day. Previous U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was quoted as indicating that Chautauqua is "the most American detail in the usa." H.L. Mencken applied the word "chautauqua" (lower instance) to refer significantly more usually to some herd of clumsy writers: "When they essay to be jocose, the outcome is usually just an elephantine whimsicality, because of the chautauqua outside of the Atlantic Monthly."
The Mother Chautauqua
The very first Chautauqua, the new York Chautauqua Assembly, was arranged in 1874 by Methodist minister John Heyl Vincent and businessman Lewis Miller at a campsite for the shores of Chautauqua Lake in The big apple Condition. Two years earlier, Vincent, editor from the Sunday College Journal, experienced begun to train Sunday university instructors in an out of doors summertime college format. The gatherings grew in global recognition. The business founded by Vincent and Miller afterwards grew to become generally known as the Chautauqua Establishment. It was described as the Mother Chautauqua, considering a large number of independent, or "daughter" Chautauquas ended up engineered beneath the equivalent manner.
Unbiased Chautauquas (or "daughter Chautauquas") operated at permanent facilities, in most cases fashioned after the Chautauqua Institute in Big apple. These a Chautauqua was typically developed in a gorgeous semi-rural locale a brief distance outdoors an proven town with very good rail services. At the peak belonging to the Chautauqua motion during the 1920s, a couple of hundred of such existed, but their figures have considering the fact that dwindled.
A minimum of a couple of Independent Chautauquas have operated repeatedly from the nineteen twenties into the 21st century; if Chautauqua is construed to incorporate camp meetings and Sunday School Assemblies, the quantity is greater. See 21st century Chautauquas. An addition to the listing is considered the Pennsylvania Chautauqua in Mt. Gretna PA, functioning continually due to the fact 1892. Circuit Chautauquas
"Circuit Chautauquas" (or colloquially, Tent Chautauquas) were being an itinerant manifestation with the Chautauqua movements. The application could well be offered in tents pitched "on a well-drained area close to city." Following a few days, the Chautauqua would fold its tents and go forward. The method of arranging a series of touring Chautauquas is attributed to Keith Vawter, a Redpath Lyceum Bureau supervisor. Between early Redpath comedians was Boob Brasfield.
The popularity belonging to the Chautauqua motion is usually attributed in part towards the social and geographic isolation of American farming and ranching communities. Folks in such sections would obviously be hungry for schooling, culture and amusement, plus the Chautauqua Movements was a timely reaction to that might need from the late 19th century and early 20th century. Then again, through the switch belonging to the century, other amusement and educational opportunities, this sort of as radio and films, started to get there in American cities to compete with Chautauqua lectures. Aided by the introduction of tv plus the automobile, most people could now check out or travel to cultural gatherings beforehand for sale only in city regions, as well as the Chautauqua Movement misplaced reputation. From the nineteen sixties, activists held teach-ins as aspect of their protests, which might be witnessed being a successor towards Chautauqua.