Lincoln Cars - An Interesting History
Most do not realize that Lincoln actually had its beginnings as a company separate from Ford Motor Company. The company was started by Henry Leland in 1917 and named for one of Leland's heroes, President Abraham Lincoln. Henry Leland had actually been among the founders from the Cadillac Car Company, which in fact had been the Henry Ford Company. The Lincoln Motor Company was designed to build Liberty aircraft engines for the United Stated during World War One. Using the end of the war, Leland had the factories retooled to create automobiles. Ford Motor Company could acquire Lincoln in 1922 once the luxury automobile manufacturer encountered severe financial hardships. Henry Ford was quite very happy to be able to get the company from Leland. He viewed it as being retribution as Leland had led investors to force Ford from the Detroit Automobile Company, a company that Ford had founded.
Once Ford acquired the organization, body style changes were introduced and also the price came down. These changes led to increased sales to five,512 vehicles sold in 1922. Up in the previous 150 models sold the year before, which had led to the hardship that had forced the organization into bankruptcy.
In 1923, a number of different body styles were introduced together with a two-passenger roadster along with a seven-passenger limousine.
A specially designed police model, referred to as Police Flyer was marketed to police force divisions around the country. A unique draw was Ford's willingness to change the vehicles to match the needs of cops in the field. Bulletproof windows were added, spotlights were placed on the sides of the vehicle and gun racks were mounted towards the interior portion of cars. The cars were also fitted with four-wheel brakes a full two years before they were offered on vehicles meant for private sale. These police cruisers coupled with the success of the 4 door private sedans allowed the Lincoln division to show a profit margin towards the end of 1924 just 2 yrs after the company have been pulled from the jaws of bankruptcy.
The bestselling car in Lincoln's history was created with a designer named Eugene T. "Bob" Gregorie. Gregorie was designing an automobile for Edsel Ford who wanted a sleeker vehicle more consistent with European style cars. The Lincoln Zephyr evolved as the result and was offered for the 1936 model year. Sales skyrocketed its newbie on market and sales for Ford increased by 9 times what it had done the year before. This was the car that would eventually become the Lincoln Continental, one of the most important cars within the history of Lincoln. The vehicle am successful that it was nearly used like a brand alone. The arrival of World War Two ended production of the popular Zephyr when Ford converted a lot of its factories to war work. The Continental which may continue to become so famous was based on mostly completely from the Zephyr.
Lincoln has also occupied a prominent devote history by giving many of the vehicles that might be used as official state vehicles for presidents of the us. The first Lincoln vehicle for use within this capacity was a 1939 Lincoln V12 utilized by Franklin D. Roosevelt. The limousine in use on that fateful day in Dallas in November 1963 was also a Lincoln. It's currently displayed in the Henry Ford Museum. Lincoln vehicles have also been used by Presidents Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan and Bush.
Beginning in 2007, Lincoln designed a change to its marketing strategy and began giving three-letter names to all new models except for the Navigator and the Town Car. In 2009, Lincoln is expected to create the MKS its new flagship model, replacing the city Car, that has had that position within the Ford fall into line since 1981.